More than 250 companies have become members of the iTSCi system in order to source conflict free minerals from the Great Lakes Region
This includes downstream companies and OEMs: NEC TOKIN, Motorola Solutions, Boeing, BlackBerry, Qualcomm, Apple, Intel, Motorola Mobility, Microsoft, ABB, Iiyama Benelux
160+ of these companies are local business operations in Central Africa, all working to meet OECD standards and to operate responsibly and transparently in accordance with supply chain requirements
More than 17,000 tonnes of conflict-free minerals exported per annum with associated legal taxes paid to national governments
More than 90% of all tin, tantalum and tungsten from the Great Lakes Region now in the iTSCi system
More than 50% of global tantalum production in 2014-2015 in the iTSCi system
Individual companies have supported specific aspects of responsible sourcing, coupling their sourcing with social priorities such as occupational safety and child labor (e.g. Boeing, Microsoft, Qualcomm, GE, Apple)
- iTSCi website: https://www.itri.co.uk/index.php?option=com_zoo&view=frontpage&Itemid=60
- “Unconflicted” Report: http://www.pactworld.org/sites/default/files/unconflicted.pdf and video: http://www.pactworld.org/video/unconflicted-mineral-traceability-africa%E2%80%99s-great-lakes-region
- Pact website, M2M page: www.pactworld.org/mining
- Pact Mines to Markets Fact Sheet:
Overview of Mines to Markets
Pact’s Mines to Markets program (“M2M”) assists resource-dependent communities to gain lasting benefits from the more sustainable use of the natural resources around them. Pact takes an integrated approach to its work in the mining sector. We link mining to livelihoods, governance, health, environment, and the strengthening of local, regional and national institutions. The M2M program is currently active in eight countries around the world, working with all scales of mining from industrial operations in major mining zones to individuals in remote sites.
Artisanal and small-scale mining, or “ASM”, typically uses manual labor, simple tools and basic recovery and processing techniques. This work is a profoundly important livelihood for over 30 million men, women and youth around the world who are the world’s ‘hidden suppliers’. Working in difficult and often dangerous conditions, they produce some 60% of the world’s tin, 20% of gold supply, 50% of all diamonds, and almost all the world’s colored precious and semi-precious stones, amongst other minerals such as copper, cobalt and coal. However, ASM is often clandestine, illegal and socially disruptive. Through many years of working closely with artisanal mining communities, Pact has developed an exceptional skill set and a team of experienced practitioners who know how to work sympathetically, effectively and comprehensively with artisanal miners to address the challenges they face.
Our areas of intervention span the full range of needs from: supporting government and regulatory capacity related to ASM; health and safety issues; improved techniques and access to markets; organization and resource rights; conflict management and mitigation; microfinance and debt-management; rights and security for women miners; reducing the Worst Forms of Child Labor in mining; literacy; and alternative livelihoods.
What We Do
Burundi, Congo, Rwanda — Pact works as field and design partners for the ITRI Tin Supply Chain Initiative (iTSCi), which achieves internationally-accepted traceability and due diligence for ‘conflict-free minerals’ (tin, tantalum, tungsten) that are mined in Burundi, DRC, and Rwanda. This work has directly led to improved livelihoods for over 80,000 miners, over 800 safer mines, reduced illegal trading, strengthened government capacity, and creates a steady supply of conflict-free tin, tantalum, and tungsten to international markets for diverse products. In 2015, we expanded this work by launching a health & safety initiative for iTSCi sites, financial literacy and savings programs for miners, and a program to reduce child labor by a multipronged approach targeting root causes of this complex issue.
In the DRC, with the World Bank, Pact is supporting the government in developing a national policy and action plan for artisanal mining, as well as building the capacity of government agents to manage the sector.
In Burundi, Pact is also working with the World Bank and the Burundian government to track production and taxes in the artisanal mining sector, in coordination with the Extractives Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). If successful, this will be a ‘global first’ where EITI has successfully been applied to ASM.
Ethiopia — Working in partnership with the Government of Ethiopia, the World Bank, and local organizations, Pact is working in 12 ASM communities in six regional states to: improve health, hygiene, and sanitation; increase and diversify incomes within ASM communities; improve opportunities for women in ASM. Additionally, and in partnership with DFID via KPMG, we are working to achieve better economic, social and environmental sustainability in artisanal gold, opal, and salt mines.
Madagascar — Pact works with the global mining company Rio Tinto to deliver the “Rio Tinto Scholarship Education Program” (RISE). Through this program, Pact is implementing a two year scholarship and educational initiative to improve the level of education of local children and empower them to be competitive in the workforce, thereby strengthening the local economy. The project aims to improve the quality of education, academic performance, and maintain a 95% school retention rate.
Zimbabwe — This multi-year, multi-partner project aims to formalize and integrate large, small and artisanal gold mining and trading in Zimbabwe to increase the contribution of gold to the country’s economy and development. It has two components: promoting coexistence and integration opportunities between large and small-scale producers, and formalizing gold mining and trading.
Colombia — Through its “Somos Tesoro” (We Are Treasure) Project, Pact is working on eliminating child labor in artisanal and small-scale mining in gold and coal sites in Colombia. Child labor in mining is an extremely serious and difficult issue facing many countries worldwide. We are one of the very few organizations globally working at the field level on this issue.
In 2015, Pact’s M2M Signature Initiative has a total of 18 projects underway reaching more than 100,000 artisanal miners in gold, tin, tantalum, tungsten, opal, salt and coal mines in eight countries.